Thirunelli

Thirunelli

Thirunelli Temple.

LARK's Landscape

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Thirunelli

Thirunelli Temple Thirunelli Temple

Thirunelli Temple Thirunelli Temple

Thirunelli, Mananthavady, Wayanad, Kerala.

Thirunelli is a small village situated at the base of the Brahmagiri Hills, which is part of Western Ghats Ranges bordering Karnataka. The temple is at an altitude of about 900m in north Wayanad in a valley surrounded by mountains and beautiful forests.

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World Sparrow Day

World Sparrow Day

House Sparrow
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Family: Passeridae
Genus: Passer
Species: Passer domesticus

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

Do you remember a small bird which was around us all through our younger days? can you able to remember its chirping sounds?

Species named after Nilgiri Mountains

Species named after Nilgiri Mountains

Several species are named after the place they were first reported from. The Nilgiri Mountains (Blue Mountains), are a range of mountains forming a part of the Western Ghats situated in the western part of Tamil Nadu state at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala states in Southern India. There are at least 24 peaks above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) which make the southwestern edge of the Deccan Plateau.

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes the Nilgiri Hills, forms a part of the protected bio reserves in India and is a part of UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Disclaimer: ** All the images are collected from the internet. All credit goes to their respective owners**.

Birds

Nilgiri Flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus)
Conservation status : Near Threatened

Nilgiri Flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus)

Nilgiri Flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus)

Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii)
Conservation status : Vulnerable

Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii)

Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii)

Nilgiri Pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis)
Conservation status : Vulnerable

Nilgiri Pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis)

Nilgiri Pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis)

Nilgiri Thrush (Zoothera neilgreiensis)
Conservation status : Least Concern

Nilgiri Thrush (Zoothera neilgreiensis)

Nilgiri Thrush (Zoothera neilgreiensis)

Nilgiri Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor)
Conservation status : Least Concern

Nilgiri Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor)

Nilgiri Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor)

Nilgiri Blue Robin (Myiomela major)
Conservation status : Endangered
Other Names: Nilgiri shortwing, White-bellied shortwing, Rufous-bellied shortwing.

Nilgiri Blue Robin (Myiomela major)

Nilgiri Blue Robin (Myiomela major)

Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata nilgiriensis)
Conservation status : Least Concern

Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata nilgiriensis) - Male

Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata nilgiriensis) – Male

Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata nilgiriensis) - Female

Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata nilgiriensis) – Female

Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus nilghiriensis)
Conservation status : Least Concern

Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus nilghiriensis)

Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus nilghiriensis)

Nilgiri Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron cachinnans)
Conservation status : Endangered
Other Names: Black-chinned Laughingthrush

Nilgiri Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron cachinnans) Black-chinned Laughingthrush

Nilgiri Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron cachinnans)

**Now its called Black-chinned Laughingthrush.

Mammals

Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii)
Conservation status : Vulnerable

Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii)

Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii)

Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)
Conservation status : Endangered
Other Names: Nilgiri Ibex, Ibex

Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

Nilgiri palm squirrel (Funambulus sublineatus)
Conservation status : Vulnerable
Other Names: Dusky palm squirrel

Nilgiri palm squirrel (Funambulus sublineatus) Dusky palm squirrel

Nilgiri palm squirrel (Funambulus sublineatus)

Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii)
Conservation status : Vulnerable

Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii)

Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii)

Reptiles

Nilgiri Keelback (Amphiesma beddomei)
Conservation status : Least Concern
Other Names: Beddome’s Keelback

Nilgiri Keelback (Amphiesma beddomei)

Nilgiri Keelback (Amphiesma beddomei)

Butterflies

Nilgiri Grass Yellow (Eurema nilgiriensis)

Nilgiri Grass Yellow (Eurema nilgiriensis)

Nilgiri Grass Yellow (Eurema nilgiriensis)

Nilgiri Clouded Yellow (Colias nilagiriensis)

Nilgiri Clouded Yellow (Colias nilagiriensis)

Nilgiri Clouded Yellow (Colias nilagiriensis)

Nilgiri Tiger (Parantica nilgiriensis)

Nilgiri Tiger (Parantica nilgiriensis)

Nilgiri Tiger (Parantica nilgiriensis)

Spiders 

Haploclastus nilgirinus

Haploclastus nilgirinus

Haploclastus nilgirinus

Zelotes nilgirinus
Sphingius nilgiriensis
Phintella nilgirica
Heteropoda nilgirina

Plants

Nilgirianthus papillosus (Acanthaceae Family)
Youngia nilgirriensis (Asteraceae Family)
Miliusa nilagirica (Annonaceae Family)
Impatiens nilagirica (Balsaminaceae Family)
Vemonia saligina var nilghirensis (Asteraceae Family)
A. setosa var nilgiriana (Poaceae Family)
Pouzolzia wightii f.var. nilghirensis (Urticaceae Family)

** “var”- A botanical variety is a distinguishable variant which occurs in the same populations as ordinary examples of a species. Variety names are written in italics, and preceded by “var.”

** “f” – The botanical form or forma is the lowest rank in the taxonomic hierarchy. Members of a form are usually distinguished only by very minor characters such as flower color or leaf shape. They can occur anywhere within a species’ range, and sometimes are determined by environmental factors rather than genetic.

 

Drongos of Blue Mountains

Drongos of Blue Mountains

Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Family: Dicruridae
Genus: Dicrurus

The drongos are a family of small passerine birds of the Old World tropics, the Dicruridae.

Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus)
கரும்பச்சை கரிச்சான்

Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus)

Bronzed Drongo (Dicrurus aeneus)

This drongo is somewhat smaller than the black drongo and has more metallic gloss with a spangled appearance on the head, neck and breast. The lores are velvety and the ear coverts are duller. The tail is slender and well forked with the outer tail feathers flaring outward slightly.
Conservation Status : Least Concern

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)
துடுப்பு வால் கரிச்சான்

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus)

This is the largest of the drongo species and is readily identifiable by the distinctive tail rackets and the crest of curled feather that begin in front of the face above the beak and along the crown to varying extents according to the subspecies. The tail with twirled rackets is distinctive and in flight it can appear as if two large bees were chasing a black bird.
Conservation Status : Least Concern

Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)
கரிச்சான்

Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus)

The adult ashy drongo is mainly dark grey, and the tail is long and deeply forked, There are a number of subspecies varying in the shade of the grey plumage. Some subspecies have white markings on the head. Young birds are dull brownish grey.
Conservation Status : Least Concern

White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens)
வெள்ளை வயிற்று கரிச்சான்

White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens)

White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens)

This drongo is black without any glossy on the upperside and greyish on the throat and breast while the belly and vent are entirely white in the Indian form which is the nominate subspecies.
Conservation Status : Least Concern

Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)
இரட்டைவால் குருவி

This bird is glossy black with a wide fork to the tail. Adults usually have a small white spot at the base of the gape. The iris is dark brown. The sexes cannot be told apart in the field. Juveniles are brownish and may have some white barring or speckling towards the belly and vent.
Conservation Status : Least Concern

Photos: Vasanthan.P.J.

Primates of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Primates of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) – Least Concern
Gray slender loris (Loris lydekkerianus) – Least Concern
Tufted gray langur (Semnopithecus priam) – Near Threatened
Southern plains gray langur (Semnopithecus dussumieri) – Least Concern
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) – Endangered
Nilgiri langur (Trachypithecus johnii) – Vulnerable

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Disclaimer: ** All the images are collected from the internet. All credit goes to their respective owners**.

Brown palm civet

Brown palm civet

Brown palm civet (Paradoxurus jerdoni) also called the Jerdon’s palm civet is a civet endemic to the Western Ghats of India.

The Brown palm civet has a uniformly brown pelage, darker around the head, neck, shoulder, legs, and tail. Sometimes the pelage may be slightly grizzled.

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Disclaimer: ** All the images are collected from the internet. All credit goes to their respective owners**.

The brown palm civet is a solitary, nocturnal small carnivore. They rest during the day in day-bed sites, such as tree hollows, canopy vine tangles, Indian giant squirrel nests and forks of branches. The day-bed trees are large and are usually in dense mature forest stands with high canopy connectivity. They sometimes rest in the night in open branches

The brown palm civet is predominantly frugivorous. Fruits form a large proportion (97 per cent) of its diet and a key mammalian seed disperser in the Western Ghats rainforest by being predominantly frugivorous and dispersing a diverse array of plant species.

Nilgiri Marten

Nilgiri Marten

Endemic to the Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Marten (Martes gwatkinsii) is a slender, agile carnivore with large paws and partially retractable claws. It is usually about 60 cm long from head to vent and has a tail that is about 40 cm long. It weighs about two kilograms.

Nilgiri Marten, which is the only species of marten found in Southern India.

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Disclaimer: ** All the images are collected from the internet. All credit goes to their respective owners**.

Nilgiri Marten, which is the only species of marten found in Southern India.  Nilgiri Martens can be found in the hills of Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats in southern India. feeds on birds, small mammals, and insects, such as cicadas.

They are active during the day and are mainly arboreal, although they do descend to the ground occasionally.

Conservation status : Vulnerable
Local Names
TamilMaranai 
MalayalamMarapatti, Karumvernku and Koduvalli.